Both amphetamines and methamphetamines are stimulant drugs. Amphetamines were the first drugs of this type developed, followed by methamphetamines early in the 20th century. Methamphetamine is a synthetic drug which means it’s made completely in a lab. It is one of the most powerful stimulant drugs and has a high addiction potential. Northern Illinois Recovery Center is a drug addiction rehab center northern IL people can trust for help with amphetamine or methamphetamine treatment.
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Which came first: amphetamine vs. methamphetamine?
According to the University of Arizona’s MethOIDE drug education site, a Romanian chemist first made amphetamines at the University of Berlin in 1887. Six years later, a Japanese chemist made methamphetamine in his lab. Pharmaceutical companies began to market amphetamines for asthma, hay fever, and colds in the 1930s. The British, German, Japanese, and U.S. governments all developed injections or tablets for troops during World War II. The purpose of the drugs? To increase endurance and reduce fear in combat.
Is there a difference between methamphetamine vs. amphetamine?
Both drugs are similar in chemical composition, but the small chemical differences between methamphetamine and amphetamine make meth a stronger stimulant drug. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Taken in the same doses, methamphetamine can have the following increased effects compared to amphetamine:
- Reduced appetite
- Greater sense of well-being or euphoria
- Greater amounts of the drug in the brain
- Longer lasting and stronger effects
Which drug has more potential for abuse, methamphetamine vs. amphetamine?
Methamphetamine directly increases the amount of dopamine in your brain. Amphetamine does as well, but at a lower level. Meth lasts longer than amphetamine and it stays in your body longer.
Both meth and amphetamine have potential for abuse. Methamphetamine has a greater potential for tolerance and dependency than amphetamine. Tolerance in methamphetamine users can have long-lasting effects. Some of the results of methamphetamine tolerance include:
- Need to take more methamphetamine to feel the same effect
- Need to take the drug more frequently
- Difficulty feeling any pleasure outside of methamphetamine
What are some effects of methamphetamine vs. amphetamine on the brain?
Methamphetamine has a profound effect on the brains of people who are misusing it. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), meth alters the way your brain functions. In addition to reducing your brain’s natural ability to use dopamine, meth interferes with memory and learning ability. Long-term meth use changes your brain, potentially interfering with your relationships and performance at work, in school, or at home. Amphetamine can have similar effects, but because it is a weaker drug that doesn’t stay as long in your body as methamphetamine, its effects are weaker and shorter-lasting.
Do you need help to stop using methamphetamine?
The long-term changes methamphetamine causes in your brain and body mean that you need time to heal after you stop using methamphetamine. You can benefit from evidence-based treatment for both amphetamine vs. methamphetamine. You may have heard of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) that can help people with opioid or alcohol use disorders. NIDA reports that research is ongoing into similar treatments that could help people to recover from methamphetamine use disorders. Although there aren’t any MAT treatments for meth use, some other treatments can help, including:
If you’re struggling to stop using methamphetamine or amphetamine, help is available. The sooner you can reach out for treatment, the more you’ll increase your chances of long-term recovery, NIDA studies show. Northern Illinois Recovery offers compassionate, individualized help for people seeking recovery from methamphetamine or amphetamine use along with other drugs and alcohol. Contact us at 855.786.1978 to learn how you can start your recovery today.