Addiction is a powerful, cunning, and chronic disease that can damage your health, relationships, and finances. Substance abuse disorders don’t discriminate and they can impact anyone, regardless of age, race, or gender. All substances carry the potential to cause one of two kinds of addiction, making occasional and recreational use dangerous. Since the stages of addiction can quickly progress after your first use, it can occur within weeks of your first use.
Regardless of whether you develop a psychological or physical dependency, both kinds of addiction can cause severe symptoms and require treatment.
The Two Kinds of Addiction
There are two kinds of addiction: psychological and physical. Both kinds of addiction cause you to compulsively abuse drugs despite wanting to quit and experiencing negative consequences because of your use. During both types, your brain associates your substance of choice with pleasure, which results in your pleasure and reward system releasing neurotransmitters when you use and withholding their release when you don’t.
You can develop both kinds of addiction to the same substance, although only certain substances cause physical dependency. When you develop a physical addiction, you experience withdrawal symptoms if you immediately stop using. As your addiction progresses, your brain becomes dependent on your substance of choice in order to release neurotransmitters, leading to major imbalances.
Common signs and symptoms of both kinds of addiction include:
- Feeling guilt, shame, or remorse about your use
- Concealing or denying your drug use
- Spending the majority of your time or money using or buying drugs
- Abusing drugs alone
- Friends or family members confronting you about your drug use
How Addiction is Treated
Both psychological and physical addictions can be treated in an inpatient or outpatient environment. Physical addictions typically require detox services, as withdrawal symptoms are difficult to manage without treatment and can lead to intense cravings. Most detox symptoms alleviate within one week, although you can still encounter cravings long after your last use.
Your brain and body both need time to heal and recover, which is why treatment programs focus on helping you learn how to manage your sobriety. Inpatient and outpatient substance abuse treatment can also offer relapse prevention education and strategies. Since addiction is a chronic condition with no known cure, learning how to cope with triggers and cravings is central to your successful recovery.
Evidence-based treatments, like cognitive behavioral therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy, teach you how to identify and change negative thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Group and family therapy can help improve your communication skills and rebuild trust with loved ones.
Finding Help Today
If you’re struggling with a substance abuse problem, it’s important to remember that it’s never too late, or too early, to reach out for help. Both kinds of addiction can make your life feel out of control. Recovery offers you the support, guidance, and tools you need to maintain sobriety. Contact us today at 855.786.1978 to learn more about our programs and your treatment options. Get your loved one help today and reach out to our addiction experts.